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Response to Eric Betz in Discover and Astronomy websites

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Last September Eric Betz published an article on the Astronomy and Discover websites. These are popular websites, with a lot of readers. Now, I have no idea who Eric is. I think he’s a journalist, not a scientist or archaeologist. But anyway, he wrote this bad article. I contacted the Astronomy website editors to point out its errors but got no response whatsoever. Hence this response. Let’s take a look at what Eric Betz said in his article. Gobekli Tepe: the world’s first observatory? He asks? And then he says ‘Pseudoscience and genuine archaeological mystery surround humanity’s oldest known temple. But was it the World’s first astronomical observatory?’. Ha, well, immediately my hackles are raised with his use of the word ‘pseudoscience’, and I wonder where he’s going with this piece. It just sounds like sloppy journalism. Now, the problem with this word is that its often thrown around willy-nilly by people who are not scientists and who really have no idea how science really w

Gobekli Tepe's Pillars

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Significance: Gobekli Tepe (GT) probably represents the origin of civilisation for most of the world today. Most of us are connected to it in some way, through language and religion (proto-Nostratic), or genetics at least. The Pillars: GT is famous for its anomalous megalithic pillars, and especially the symbols carved on them. Most people think these symbols are telling an important story - they are not just random pictures of animals. Klauss Schmidt, who discovered GT and led its excavation, until his death in 2014, certainly thought so. It follows that the only way we will ever be able to properly understand Gobekli Tepe, and therefore the origin of civilisation, is through reading its pillars. Deutsche Archaeological Institute : the DAI operates the Gobekli Tepe dig. Despite the immense significance of the site, they continue to have a casual disregard for the information encoded on its pillars. Over 60 pillars have been uncovered, but only around 20 are documented by the DAI. Alt

The Younger Dryas Impact Hypothesis research debate - are we there yet?

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New article for members on the Ancient Origins website

Volcanic or cosmic impact origin for the Younger Dryas mini ice-age? New evidence from Hall's Cave, Texas

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See here for a video version On July 31 st 2020, Sun et al. published a paper in Science Advances [1] that suggests the Younger Dryas cooling event nearly 13000 years ago was triggered by the Laacher See volcanic eruption rather than a cosmic impact, the usual explanation. Until now, over 60 primary peer-reviewed journal papers together with dozens of supporting responses all agree the Younger Dryas event was caused by Earth’s collision with debris from a disintegrating comet. Only one paper has previously suggested it was caused by the Laacher See volcanic explosion – and that paper was thoroughly refuted only a year later. In their new paper, Sun et al. focus on platinum group elemental abundances, and especially osmium isotope abundances and ratios, found in the sediment of Hall’s Cave, Texas. The sediment in this cave, many meters deep, has accumulated over tens of thousands of years, providing a convenient record of environmental conditions near the cave over this time (see
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Zodiacal dating the Golan Dolmens In a recently published paper in Asian Archaeology, new zoomorphic rock art is reported on Dolmens in the Levant. The picture above is from one of these dolmens, but is not new, and can be seen in an earlier blogpost concerning comets. My interpretation is that these trident shapes represent comet gods, just like the one on a stone palette found at Gobekli Tepe - see below. I interpret this plaquette to mean 'The comet god (left) attacked and destroyed (middle) the cosmic serpent who fell to earth (right)', consistent with numerous mythologies in the region. Gobekli Tepe's archaeologists interpret this to simply be the sequence 'snake, person, bird' (the other way up). We see similar trident symbols at Stonehenge - see below. Clearly, in this image these symbols have been enhanced with colour, because they are very faint to the eye. We see the trident symbol in many ancient and modern religions related by an Indo
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Buying Prehistory Decoded Prehistory Decoded has been difficult to source post-Covid19. Even Amazon sometimes runs out of stock during peaks of demand. Use bookfinder to find the cheapest deal in your area. Cheapest deal in the UK is from Speedy Hen , who seem to be taking orders even though it is listed as out of stock - I think they are shipping directly from the wholesaler rather than keeping stock themselves, hence the slight increase in delivery time. Apparently, this is a very common method now. Alternatively, the book can always be bought directly from the publisher .